Welcome To Palamu District, Jharkhand

The Official website of Palamu District



Twin Tiger in the Park

BACKGROUND INFORMATION AND ATTRIBUTES

Boundaries

Boundaries of Palamu Tiger Reserve are contiguous with Jharkhand Chhatesgarh state Boundary in the west. In the east it is concurrent with the natural boundary of thee Neterhat Plateau. A detail of legal Ecological , and natural boundaries of the PTR is given below:-

Legal boundaries

The Reserve is surrounded by forests on three sides, in the north is habitation and forests of Daltonganj north division.In the east is Kumandih, Role, Piri forests of Latehar forests division,in the west is the Serguja district is Chhatisgarh which is also forested, in the south lies. The forests of Mahuadar range of the daltonganj south forest division and forests of Ranchi forest division .

Ecological boundaries

The reserve is surrounded on three sides by forests of Latehar forests division, Ranchi west forest division ,Garhwa south forest division , and Serguja district of Madhya pradesh, how ever , northern side is mostly cultivated area and Daltonganj town ship is only 20 Km. From the boundary of the reserve . The population of Tiger, Leopard, Gaur, Elephant, etc. Move in and around the boundary of the reserve. Mostly elephants migrate even 10-15 Kms. From the reserve in the Latehar, Garhwa south divisions, and Ranchi west division. They also migrate Serguja district of Chhatisgarh.

Legal status:

The present form of the reserve dates back to march 1961 when Daltonganj north division was carved out of Daltonganj forest division vide govt. of Bihar notification No. C/F-013/61-445 R dated 16th /20th march 1961.

Initially all the forests of the present reserve where under the parent Palamu forest division which was formed in 1875. In 1884, the Chhotanagpur division constituted compressing subdivisions the formerly constituted Palamau,Hazaribagh and Singhbhum division s in 1890-91 Palamu was again formed in to a separate division which remained till the year 1952.

Majority of the reserve forest were constituted in 1877 under the Indian forests Act of 1863 but they over ratified in 1879 under the Indian forest Act of 1878.

Protected forests (old) where earlier notified under section 20 of the Indian forest Act 1878. All these forests were letter notified as reserve forest under section 20 of the Indian forests Act 1927 vide notification No.SO.2688 dated 6th the month 1978 by the state govt. of Bihar. Khalsa reserve forests were notified as reserve forests vide notification No.6661-111-F-339-949 dated 7.11.1949 and SO. 100 dated 18.1.1978.

All the Zamindari forests were notified as protected forests under the provision of Indian forest Act vide various notification from 1953 –1966.All these projected forests are right burdened forests.

979.97Sq.Km.area of the Palamu Tiger reserve has been declared as Palamu wild life Sanctuary under section 18 (1) of the wild life (protection)Act1972 vide S.O.No.1224 dated 17.7.79 . An area of 746.36 Sq. Km. has been sent to Govt. of Bihar for final notification under section 26 of the Act an area of 226.32 Sq. Km. has been notified as Betla National park.

Water resources

Palamau is drought-prone area. There was severe drought in palamau in 1993. in the reserve there are 322 water holes almost evenly spreaded in the area. List of Waterholes in given in annexure-8. Many water holes do not dry even during summer season. There are few aquifers also. There are two perennial rivers which flow across the reserve ---North Koel and Burha. There are many streams, Nallahs, Chuans also. Satnadiya, Pandra, Panchhadia, are longest streams. These water holes are regularly maintained during summer. A few water holes gets dried. There is no scarcity of water even during pinch period.

Mammals.

The reserve is very rich in mammalian population. The population dynamics of animals found in the reserve is given in table.

Sl.No

Species

Estimated Number

1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
1
Tiger
49
47+3
40+1
41+3
0
37-46
2
Leopard
60
58+3
60
64
0
53-55
3
Elephant
140
155
158
0
0
252
4
Bison
740
593
570
0
0
361
5
Cheetal
15318
15859
13014
0
0
13134
6
Sambhar
3029
1881
2158
0
0
2824
7
Wild Boar
6890
6943
8598
0
0
8679
8
Barking Deer
1834
1861
1841
0
0
2092
9
Nilgai
52
59
73
0
0
79
10
Langur
28894
42563
28788
0
0
25007
11
Red Faced Monkey
38035
37983
42438
0
0
33257
12
Sloth Bear
369
310
200
0
0
363
13
Wild Dog
646
409
186
0
0
422
14
Wolf
290
204
306
0
0
105
15
Hyena
41
0
120
0
0
125
16
Peafowal
4705
0
4196
0
0
3630

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